Learning Third Language: 1. Khmer 2. English 3. KOREAN

Independent Discovery: Korean Language, Hangul

Student(s): Venghour Than and Rika Chan

Progress in percentage: 50%

Round: 4 and 5

Overall time (including personal time): Approximately 8-9 hours

Lessons:

  1. Alphabets (consonants and vowels)
  2. Vowels (double vowels) Consonants (double consonants)
  3. Vocabulary (noun, adjective, and verb)
  4. Numbers (simplified numbers and traditional numbers)
  5. Grammar (articles, ending phrases, plurals vs. singular, etc.)
  6. Pronunciation
  7. Time (for example, today, tomorrow, year, day, hour, minute, etc.)
  8. Typing (learning how to type in Korean on the computer keyboard)

Over the courses of round four and five, we are the beginners of learning the Korean language, Hangul. It is our goal to be fluent in this language right after our mother tongue (Khmer) and second language (English). The main reason for starting this personal learning is that we are sharing the same personal interest in Korean culture, specifically, K-pop−a very trending music industry in South-Korea.  

At the beginning, we started to gather all the resources that are accessible to our study. We were searching for available books, online courses, websites, and videos. As a result, we came up with a list of resources that are including:

  1. Korean 101 – Learning Korean online with Podcasts
  2. Duolingo – the world’s most popular way to learn languages. Their platforms exist in website and app. Furthermore, we also use Duolingo to learn other languages, for example, learning Spanish with Cara.
  3. Ewha Korean textbook – a series of textbooks for Korean young learners.

These are the main three resources we were mostly used for the study. These resources cover up all the lessons that are listed above. Both of us already knew the basics before we started this Independent discovery: alphabets, pronunciation, and some vocabulary. But we were still struggling with them. Right at the start, we had organized our system of learning by starting with the books, Ewha. We learned everything from the book, page by page, and simultaneously, having notebooks to jot down some notes. We had learned many new words and grammar from Ewha. We usually jotted down the rules of the grammar and new vocabulary. Here is an example:
 

 

 

(list of words at the left side)

(grammar rules at the right side)

Learning from Korean 101 is another alternative way to enhance our Hangul. This is an online course consists of many helpful lessons and activities. It mainly helps us with our diction. Korean 101 provides us “word of the day” that is very beneficial for daily living. In addition, it does not only provide words, it provides us with many example sentences by using the word of the day. Furthermore, it has many videos with pronunciation.

Last, we did use Duolingo to learn how to type, new basic grammar, and vocabulary. It was extremely difficult to learn how to type. It is actually the same as having a hard time, learning how to type Khmer for the first time. Duolingo is the perfect platform for learning Korean because it is very organized with its system of setting all the basics for the beginner. It gives us time to review all the basics including the alphabets, pronunciation of the letters, and of course, some spellings.

Here are some of the things we learned from Duolingo.

  1. 는, 가 = without consonant/은, 이 = with consonant
  2. 사과가 음식입니다. = An apple is a food.
  3. Noun (들) = plural
  4. 과, 와, or 하고 = and

Having only an hour each work was not enough to be fluent in Hangul, therefore, we were finding our own personal time to study. We did not limit ourselves to only these three main resources. We even further researched through many videos on Youtube. Listening to Korean songs and watching all the Korean dramas are not a bad idea at all. Personally, I actually can hear and able to define some words and phrases from the lyrics.

Besides watching movies and listening to music, I even have a Korean novel on my bookshelf. Of course, I do not understand everything, but sometimes, I just went through page by page to know if I see any familiar words or sentences.

Overall, learning Hangul is very similar to learning Khmer. It is just the difference in grammar. I discover that learning Hangul is also extremely challenging. By not having a native Korean speaker to communicate with, our progress is slow. Most of all, we could say that we are mastered in all the basics: alphabets (vowels and consonants), some words & phrases, and pronunciation. We know how to write and read; we actually on our way to master in speaking. We can have a basics conversation, but we are trying the complex conversation.

To demonstrate I have learned something in Korean, I will introduce myself in Korean by typing down on this document.

안녕하세요! 저는 뷔앵후어해요. 내가 열 다섯 살. 나는 라이거 리더십 아카데미에서 공부한다.

“Hello! My name is Venghour. I am 15 years old. I study at the Liger Leadership Academy.”

 

 

Saigon Modeling United Nation 2017 – Life-changing Experience

After participating ISPP Model United Nations 2016 (ISPP MUN 2016), Phnom Penh, I received another opportunity to participate in other Model United Nations (MUN) in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. It is called, “SAIMUN 2017.” This was another huge event for me since it has hosted many students from many distinguished schools around Asia. The ledger was one of those schools, including me and my seven friends.

I was the delegate of Sweden.

This year of MUN, our school got a student who was willing to join the Security Council. For another seven students, we individually joined in a different committee. I decided to attend in General Assembly Three with the focuses on cultural heritage sites, basic health care, natal policies, and social development. I must say that the topics were extremely difficult compared to ISPP MUN in 2016. Everything had gotten serious and complicated since this event was                                                                                                  international.

The schedule of the whole event was similar to other MUN events. But since there were four topics that were needed to debate on, it was a little bit tight and confused. We got only one month to prepare everything, including the resolutions, and many research. The event assigned all the Liger students as the delegations of Sweden in every committee. It was an honor for Liger students to be designated as the representatives of this country. In general, Kingdom of Sweden is a neutral nation.

My Liger Team.

On the 15th of March, 2017, we left Liger to Vietnam for the event. It was held on the 17th and the 18th. It was a long destiny and it was my third time visiting there. My memorial reflection once we arrived there, was that I just realized Vietnam is a communist country. My friends and facilitators were giving me a confused and shocked face. We got to travel around the city for two days before the event started. It was really satisfying to learn about Vietnamese histories and culture, including the people, food, religion, and all the fun activities.

It was the 17th; my friends including me were starting to feel the butterflies in our stomachs. I started to feel nervous, uncomfortable, and about to pass away. I mean we were really proud of ourselves for getting this far. We were extremely determined and prepared for the research for the whole event. Once we arrived in our committee, it was joyful to meet new people and got to be friend with most of them. Moreover, getting to observed other people were in their roles was also interesting and beneficial to regard those people as your role models.

General Assembly Three

Specifically, in my committee, there were a lot of good and passionate delegates with high confidence and strong ground. It was my first time joining MUN internationally and I could feel the intention and uncomfortable moments during the conference. I loved my committee so much and one of my favorite topics was about the health care system. I was chosen to be the main submitter for this topic and for sure that my heart was beating rapidly.

Being the main submitter of a resolution is not difficult. But it is difficult when you actually do it. After giving my speech of the whole resolution, I got a barrage of questions from the delegates. The questions were tough since it was all about the origins and the reasons. After all, I was feeling proud of myself. I appreciated all the people in the assembly, who sent many supporting messages to congratulate me. I was confident and happy to see and experience that taking risk is not a bad idea. It creates many memorials, small moments in your memory. Until now, I still remember the whole situation of how did I feel at that time.

Overall, joining SAIMUN was my life-changing experience. It was changing my view of the world, especially people. I got to meet and befriend with new people; in fact, I got to know them as a person in their amazing characters. Even though the whole conference was scary and the people were intimidating, there were also many hilarious moments we had with each other. After this conference, I started to see many issues and accomplishments of the world and I feel like it is my opportunity to be a part of solving those problems.

Check out the website: https://saimun2017.weebly.com/

 

ICANMUN, the Great Start

I have been joining the Modeling United Nations for two events in Cambodia and Vietnam. Being a delegate to the conference was already an exceptional experience for me. I was able to improve my English speaking skill, debating skill, and a better researcher. This 2018, I received another opportunity of participating the conference once again at the ICAN International School that is located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. There was a free spot for students to sign up as the head chair.  A head chair is a person who initiates debates in each specific committee. Successfully, I got accepted as the head chair in Junior General Assembly 3.

It is not an easy job to be a head chair; in fact, it requires a lot of works and effort from the person. You have to be an expert on the topics that will be debated on in the committee. In addition, knowing the exact answers to the questions that raise up by the delegates will be required from the head chair. My experience as the head chair is really remarkable, but simultaneously, I felt tiresome.

Before the event arrival, I had to create a chair report on the topic. In my committee, I had two specific topics talking the protection of endangered species and the protection of indigenous peoples’ rights. They were my most favorite topics since it matched with my passions, which are the environment and human rights. Writing the chair report was really challenging because I had to do a research as other delegates, gathering all the information, understanding the topics expressly, and finding all the information for the topic that is United Nations-related. Last, I had to ensure that the report is comprehensible by editing with the facilitator. If you want to read my chair report please click on this link: https://icanmun.weebly.com/uploads/4/8/5/5/48552847/chair_report__1_.pdf

On the event day, I was happy, excited, and nervous; it was my first time serving all the delegates in General Assembly 3 as the head chair. Also, I could never do all of these works without my deputy chair who is from ICAN. Chairing the debates was also challenging, but it was really fun and enjoying at the same time. I had to remember all the chairing script and debating process in order to assist the delegates who were having their first experience in the conference. There were some participants from Liger Leadership Academy, ICAN, and other local organization joining. It was also such an honor to confront their amazing debating skills and thoughtful discussion throughout the conference. Every delegate was trying their best to present the country’s position and all the thoughts from their states. In addition, it was a phenomenon of how much information they had been researching and brought it into the debates.

The last minute of the event, all of the students and teachers from distinguished were really enthusiastic and thankful for how amazing this event was. It teaches many students to become mainly a more confident person. I was also extremely proud of myself and students from Liger. They were trying hard to be confident and helpful to the other students. Last, I could never forget this experience; it means a lot me and it will continue my way up since ICANMUN is the “Great Start” for me.

 

Creating A Hopeful Future – TEDX 2017

          On the 25th of November, 2017, It was an amazing day in my life. I got invited to an event, Ted X Phnom Penh by my friend, Dalin. She was one of the speakers at the whole events. There were other students, facilitators from Liger, and even the board! The theme of Ted X this year was creating a hopeful future. I think that this topic is a really important message to deliver around the world even though our contemporary world is still in mess, but simultaneously, we should think about our grateful future. By participating in this event, I could relate many world problem and my personal highlights toward this theme.

         During this event, Dalin talked about the LGBTQ+ community where it’s such a big and controversial topic around the world. By listening to her speech, I was tearing the whole time because it was really emotional and hopeful at the same time. I started to think about Cambodia of questioning when will our country has all of the recognition. Dalin was also coming out to the whole audience that she is a Cambodian bisexual girl. I was really proud of her, and I was thankful for her to manipulate the world with her strong speech. As I observed the audience, I could see how quiet they are. Furthermore, there were other speakers talking about the fourth industrial revolution, the encourage of being aware, preservation of our animals, how technology empowered individuals, and solar power.

         In detail, every speaker was amazing. They tried to make their speech best as possible with concise sentences, hopeful and inspirational messages. All of Liger students were doing their phenomenon job to improve their braveness within themselves. I could remember some of them when they were little; they had lacked confidence in presenting the ideas. And if you watch their presentation right now, it was mind-blowing. I also saw their inputs of emotion and expression to strengthening and empowering themselves, and trying to speak clearly and slowing as possible. Most of all, It was an honor to get invited and listened to all the speeches, and I do think that this world will encompass with lots of hopeful people and solutions.

       

          Overall, I do think that Ted X Phnom Penh is an event where it gathers people to collaborate and see what’s going on right now. It is our duty to distribute all the messages to the world. I will plan to submit an application for this event because I think that this one of many ways to change my country and the world. Once again, congratulations to all the speakers that put all of their efforts and determination.

 

Angkor Empire Civilization

Venghour Than

April 1st, 2017

Literacy D

The Golden Age of Cambodia History

Research Synthesis

          Civilizations always approach to the world with a thrilling view and curiosity of  phenomenon culture, including attractive arts, aesthetic architectures, strange religion and systematic social structure that are stained on the page under the title of “History.” Most of all, one of the conspicuous civilization in Southeast Asia is the Great Angkor Empire, known as the Golden Age. This is one of the civilizations that is shown the most brightness of its culture with a vast believing in many religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism and the extension of its territory throughout Southeast Asia. This civilization is the most memorable era in Cambodians and people’s mind.

         Angkor Wat is the greatest legacy left from the Great Angkor Empire. This gigantic architecture was built up to dedicate to the god Vishnu which is a Hindu god, but there was an abundance of changes of religion believing throughout Cambodian history timeline. According to the Smile of Angkor information, there are four changes and transformation of religions throughout many different reigns of Kings. During the 9th century until 12th century, the religion was Hinduism under the reign of King Suryavarman II. Additionally, in the reign of King Suryavarman II, Angkor Wat Temple building project was started. Afterward, the end of the 12th century, King Jayavarman VII, the new ruler also known as the greatest skilled and most memorable king of Cambodia made a switch to Mahayana Buddhism. At this point of information, there are many temples built up with the implementation of Buddhist statues instead of Hindu statues. Then, at the beginning of the 13th century, the religion experienced a brief reversal to Hinduism (Shivaism), but at the end of this century, there was a second form of Buddhism, known as the Theravada Buddhism. Not to mention, Neak Ta is a type of religions that is a part of Cambodian’s practices too, it is about the respect to the guardians of the land and water. So, there were a lot of changes of religions during the Khmer Empire and consequently affect Cambodian’s practices and festivals annually with a mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism and Neak Ta.

          During the Golden Age of Angkor Empire, many temples were built claiming with a specific reason. As stated earlier, Angkor Wat Temple is one of the greatest legacies all around the world and Cambodia that took about three decades to accomplish, but there are many other ancient temples, pagodas and sites constructed with gorgeous, inspirational arts, rock carvings and amazing building structures in many different regions. Bayon Temple is one of the most prominent temples in Cambodia with enormous faces that express the wonderful states of mind, which are Kindness, Compassion, Sympathetic, Joy and Equanimity (Darith Touch, Religions of Angkor, http://smiles-of-angkor.com). As a matter of fact, Cambodia has 4000 ancient temples and sites, but only 2000 of them had been found. The information of Khmerization stated that “There are 2603 temples and sites have been visited in 18 provinces and towns. Among the 2603 sites visited, 766 of them are temples, 996 are ancient tombs, 487 are ancient pagodas, 89 are ancient bridges and 265 are ancient walls and ancient sites.” This clearly shows how appreciable Angkor Empire is that it contains with many ancient sites and buildings with aesthetic arts and sculptures. Therefore, massive, blow minding architectures are taking a long time to construct, but they always come with the beautiful and enjoyable view.

        As always there are many collapsing moments of civilization in the world history such as Akkadian Empire, Hittite Empire, Mycenaean Greece and Angkor Empire. In the 14th century, Angkor Empire suffered a tragic moment and steady decline. Regretfully, this civilization declined in the 15th century. There are many curious and acquiescent aspects claiming about this big settlement of this Angkor Empire. In addition, according to the article of Wikipedia claimed confidently that “Historians have proposed different causes for the decline: the religious conversion from Vishnuite-Shivaite Hinduism to Theravada Buddhism that affected social and political systems, incessant internal power struggles among Khmer princes, vassal revolt, foreign invasion, plague, and ecological breakdown.” In detail, there were many opinions and events which are might cause this devastated, collapsing civilization that there are many neighboring kingdoms were taking control of Cambodia, for example, the Thai Kingdom and Dai Viet, known as Vietnam. Also the calamity of religious divisions between nations which are Hinduism and Buddhism. Moreover, the lack of control and power of the Angkorian kings which made a union of nations and territory were breaking apart to other nations.

           To conclude, as many believe that Angkor Empire is the best civilization that emerges to Earth planet. Also, throughout the information and evidence stated in this research clearly shows how great Angkor Empire is of displaying many best arts on the temples, specifically Angkor Wat temple and amazing construction structures of temples and different king reigns in the history which are really entertaining and fascinating. Sadly, this powerful empire declined with unrecognizable effects that left many great legacies to next generation.

Work Cited

Stark, M.T. (2006). From Funan to Angkor: Collapse and regeneration in ancient Cambodia. After collapse: The regeneration of complex societies. Pp.144-167.

“Khmer Empire.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Apr. 2017. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

“Religions of Angkor.” Religions of Angkor|Smiles of Angkor. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

Khmerization. “Cambodia Has 4,000 Ancient Temples and 2,000 Have Been Found and Located.” Khmerization. 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

 

The Golden Age of Cambodia History

Venghour Than

April 1st, 2017

Literacy D

The Golden Age of Cambodia History

Research Synthesis

          Civilizations always approach to the world with a thrilling view and curiosity of  phenomenon culture, including attractive arts, aesthetic architectures, strange religion and systematic social structure that are stained on the page under the title of “History.” Most of all, one of the conspicuous civilization in Southeast Asia is the Great Angkor Empire, known as the Golden Age. This is one of the civilizations that is showed the most brightness of its culture with a vast believing in many religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism and the extension of its territory throughout Southeast Asia. This civilization is the most memorable era in Cambodians and people’s mind.

          Angkor Wat is a greatest legacy left from the Great Angkor Empire. This gigantic architecture was built up to dedicate to the god Vishnu which is a Hindu god, but there was an abundance of changes of religion believings throughout Cambodian history timeline. According to the Smile of Angkor information, there are four changes and transformation of religions throughout many different reigns of Kings. During the 9th century until 12th century, the religion was Hinduism under the reign of King Suryavarman II. Additionally, in the reign of King Suryavarman II, Angkor Wat Temple building project was started. Afterward, the end of the 12th century, King Jayavarman VII, the new ruler also known as the greatest skilled and most memorable king of Cambodia made a switch to Mahayana Buddhism. At this point of information, there are many temples built up with the implementation of Buddhist statues instead of Hindu statues. Then, at the beginning of the 13th century, the religion experienced a brief reversal to Hinduism (Shivaism), but at the end of this century, there was a second form of Buddhism, known as the Theravada Buddhism. Not to mention, Neak Ta is type of religions that is a part of Cambodian’s practices too, it is about the respect to the guardians of the land and water. So, there were a lot of changes of religions during the Khmer Empire and consequently affect Cambodian’s practices and festivals annually with a mixed of Hinduism, Buddhism and Neak Ta.

          During the Golden Age of Angkor Empire, many temples were built claiming with a specific reason. As stated earlier, Angkor Wat Temple is one of the greatest legacy all around the world and Cambodia that took about three decades to accomplish, but there are many other ancient temples, pagodas and sites constructed with gorgeous, inspirational arts, rock carvings and amazing building structures in many different regions. Bayon Temple is one of the most prominent temples in Cambodia with enormous faces that express the wonderful states of mind, which are Kindness, Compassion, Sympathetic, Joy and Equanimity (Darith Touch, Religions of Angkor, http://smiles-of-angkor.com). As a matter of fact, Cambodia has 4000 ancient temples and sites, but only 2000 of them had been found. The information of Khmerization stated that “There are 2603 temples and sites have been visited in 18 provinces and towns. Among the 2603 sites visited, 766 of them are temples, 996 are ancient tombs, 487 are ancient pagodas, 89 are ancient bridges and 265 are ancient walls and ancient sites.” This clearly shows how appreciable Angkor Empire is that it contains with many ancient sites and buildings with aesthetic arts and sculptures. Therefore, massive, blow minding architectures are taking a long time to construct, but they always come with beautiful and enjoyable view.

           As always there are many collapsing moment of civilization in the world history such as Akkadian Empire, Hittite Empire, Mycenaean Greece and Angkor Empire. In the 14th century, Angkor Empire suffered in a tragic moment and steady decline. Regretfully, this civilization declined in the 15th century. There are many curiosity and acquiescent aspects claiming about this big settlement of this Angkor Empire. In addition, according to the article of Wikipedia claimed confidently that “Historians have proposed different causes for the decline: the religious conversion from Vishnuite-Shivaite Hinduism to Theravada Buddhism that affected social and political systems, incessant internal power struggles among Khmer princes, vassal revolt, foreign invasion, plague, and ecological breakdown.” In detail, there were many opinions and events which are might cause this devastated, collapsing civilization that there are many neighboring kingdoms were taking control of Cambodia, for example, Thai Kingdom and Dai Viet, known as Vietnam. Also the calamity of religion divisions between nations which are Hinduism and Buddhism. Moreover, the lack of control and power of the Angkorian kings which made union of nations and territory were breaking apart to other nations.

          To conclude, as many believe that Angkor Empire is the best civilization that emerge to Earth planet. Also, throughout the information and evidences stated in this research clearly shows how great Angkor Empire is of displaying many best arts on the temples, specifically Angkor Wat temple and amazing construction structures of temples and different king reigns in the history which are really entertaining and fascinating. Sadly, this powerful empire declined with unsuspectable and unrecognizable effects that left many great legacy to next generation.

Work Cited

Stark, M.T. (2006). From Funan to Angkor: Collapse and regeneration in ancient Cambodia. After collapse: The regeneration of complex societies. Pp.144-167.

“Khmer Empire.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Apr. 2017. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

“Religions of Angkor.” Religions of Angkor|Smiles of Angkor. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

Khmerization. “Cambodia Has 4,000 Ancient Temples and 2,000 Have Been Found and Located.” Khmerization. 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

 

The New Discovery For My Passion

           This is one of my most exciting project that I had ever worked with. It is the project that I feel strongly and positively about in the term of changing Cambodia. This project is where my heart’s home; it meets my expectation and passion throughout my whole life. The project is, called the “Study of Artificial Reef In Cambodia.” I have been falling in love and investigating about environment especially in Cambodia. I also had been studying about ecology with different kind of forests and the aquatic life. As a result, the decision that I made to participate in this remarkable opportunity is a nice welcome for my true passion.

          I have been researching and working on this topic for about a year with my lovely partner, Soliday. She also has interest in this specific type of research, and it is the best to gather and share ideas. Due to the definition for an artificial reef, it means a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing. It was the start of our research of trying to understand what is an artificial reef? Furthermore, we did a further research about the artificial reef including the advantages, disadvantages, and the deploys of artificial reefs in other countries. This was the first round work for this research, and we ended writing a short report.

 

Project Name: The Study of Artificial Reef In Cambodia

Your Name: Venghour Than, Soliday Yon

Question:

Is artificial reef gives a positive or negative impact around the world throughout the existing artificial reef?

Background Information:

 

  • General Infomation here

 

Artificial Reef:

  • An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.
  • We can see the growth of local fish, algae and coral reef and it is using for the management of fisheries
  • Also, Artificial reef helps to prevent the erosion, especially coastal erosion.

Advantage and Disadvantage

In our research, we are trying to find many websites that provide us many helpful information as we can, linked to our main question is about the positive and negative effects of the artificial reef. Our team went in one report called “Artificial Coral Reefs as a Method of Coral Reef Fish Conservation.” This report is talking about community studies about the artificial reefs.

Reference: http://scholar.colorado.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1082&context=honr_theses

For your information, we haven’t look details about this report yet due to the limitation of time but we knew that they are doing a case study in Koh Tao that locates in Thailand about the experiment of making artificial reef in Koh Tao.

Hypothesis:

According to the research on the general information on the point where it states

    • Artificial reefs can show a quick increase in local fish population inhabitation, coral reef and algae growth.
    • Some scientist said that artificial reefs don’t actually increase fish population, they simply concentrate fish and make them easier for fisherman to locate and catch.

This shows that there are both side, positive and negatives points. We think that the artificial reef will give a positive impact on the marine environment.

Data Charts:

We haven’t done any experiment or come up with an idea of design about artificial reef yet. But we can show you our data that we’ve been tracking on most of the work time. So this is our data with the lists of an artificial reef that are existing around the world. For some regions that have an artificial reef, there aren’t abundance of information that we want.

1. Location: Japan

Description: The Japanese are the world leaders in artificial reef technology for commercial fishery enhancement and have been creating artificial reefs since the 18thcentury; the materials used are of high quality like concrete, steel, and glass-reinforced plastic.

2. Location: USA

Description: In the USA, the artificial reef programs of many maritime states are run for the benefit of recreational sports fishing, (SCUBA) diving, commercial fishing, waste disposal, and environmental mitigation; the materials used are mostly waste, including concrete, rock, construction rubble, scrap tires, cars, railway carriages, and ships. Only Japan and the USA have a national development plan.

3. Location: Philippine

Description: Reference: http://pubs.iclarm.net/libinfo/Pdf/Pub%20CP6%2049.pdf

  • Malaysia and the Philippines use waste tires to build many of their artificial reefs. The central Visayan Islands of the Philippines have known to use 1600 pyramid bamboo modules.
  • The main purposes of Philippine’ artificial reef workshop are:
    • Consider and evaluate all the negative and positive feature of artificial reef
    • To make an existing artificial reef in Philippine
    • To comment on and suggest alternatives and supplements to the installation of artificial reef
  • These are the artificial reef ecological and socio-economic features:
    • Habitat for fishes or other organisms
    • Feeding, breeding and nursery area
    • Reference point
    • Discouraging to trawling
    • Eco-tourism or other recreating purposes
    • Waste disposal
    • Mariculture
    • Fishing ground
    • Sanctuary
    • Substitute for destroyed coral reefs
    • Entry point for coastal management initiatives
    • Focus for propaganda purposes of vested interest groups
    • Replenishment area
    • Provide a known and easily located fishing area
      • These are all the benefit that get from artificial reef but there is a main negative part is people aren’t take care of artificial reef, they just leave it on the seabed.

4. Location: Australia

Description: Australian reefs have been built from materials of opportunity such as tires and redundant ships; these reefs are used primarily as a focus for recreational angling, and SCUBA diving.

5. Location: Taiwan

Description: In Taiwan many fishing vessels (made obsolete by government policy to reduce the size of the fishing fleet) were sunk to provide new habitats.

6. Location: Europe

Description: In Europe artificial reefs were pioneered along the Mediterranean coast in the late 1960s. At present, most reefs are still associated with scientific research. Italy, France, and Spain have been the most active reef-building countries since 1970. Spain is placing more artificial reefs into its coastal waters than other EU country. In 1991, Italian artificial reef scientists for the 1st time formed an inter-European reef group to encourage liaison between research groups and other association of the Mediterranean. Current initiatives include a network of European artificial-reef research to establish a coordinated direction for artificial reefs within the EU.

Results:

According to our research on many countries they’ve been studying and doing researching on an artificial reef, we have come up with results.

Country Result
Japan Success and still working on it.
USA Success (Not sure if they still working on it, recently)
Philippine No information, need more detail.
Taiwan No Information
Australia Success
Europe Their first reef has been success.

We can see that there are two countries that didn’t detail their results in the end. The other four were success but some are not proven that they’re still working on it or they stop already.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, according to our research through this investigation, we fully agree that the artificial reef is a very beneficial, creative project and place to rebuild the ecosystem. We can see the beautiful organisms are starting to adapt to the artificial reef throughout the artificial reefs that are locating in other countries. Also, we know that we can build our own artificial reef out of the material that we can find around of our environment, like bricks.  

Next Investigation:

After getting all these information, we are feeling confident to start to sketch our own artificial reef but we don’t know will it works yet. Also, we will start to look and research deeper of the condition of the sea or the location that we want to project our artificial reef. Paul said if can success this project maybe we can deploy our artificial reef in Koh Seh. Furthermore, we want to do a research on the coral reef fishes, in order to let us know what type species of fish we want to have in our artificial reef in the target.

All our References: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yuvmX2nRJ6xHqOhXef-9gi_u30dQrGD0Qoc8DqK5QOU/edit