Preventative Health

           Preventative Health is an exploration of promoting the workshop about health to kids in rural areas, especially on the islands. It was an exploration during the second round of the fifth year. There were 14 students joining this exploration, and leading by the learning facilitator, Karen. One the first week, we’re starting with big research as one team in the whole class. The main research was about the Cambodian main health issues. After did the research, all of us found out that Cambodia actually had a lot of health issues. The diseases were typhoid, HIV or AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, dengue fever, influenza, intestinal worm, polio, Hepatitis A&B, Japanese encephalitis, diarrhea, dysentery, and rabies. For the issues, there were traditional medicines, religion beliefs, and medicines.

         In details of Cambodia relating to the issue, it was actually happening a lot of times when family members didn’t take the patient to the hospital. Instead, they kept the patient in the house and pray to the ancestors or spirits to help. It may sounded nonsense, but it’s really difficult to change this issue. The purpose of doing this research was that we were trying to find one main health issue that we can share to kids and adults.The main health issue we found was dental issues. As a student, I realized that it’s really challenging for those villagers or kids to receive all the information we were trying to deliver. There were budget problem, lack of transportation, and education issue that they are facing. Therefore, it was our duty to travel and visit those people who were living in our selected destination and share all the research we had been preparing.

        It was this year we decided to travel to the islands that are located really far away from the mainland. The islands were Koh Song-Sa, Koh Rong, and Koh Rong Sanlem. There were many acceptable reason of why we choose to go there. One was there were a lot of students and kids who were lack of knowledge about their health, especially teeth. As a result, we prepare a skit where everyone in my team was acting in different roles and characters. Teeth, bacteria, vegetables, cookies, soft drinks, toothpaste, toothbrush, little sister, main brother, and the mother were included as the characters in the skit. I was taking the role of a tooth. I was the tooth of the main brother who liked to eat and of sweet. Therefore, there were many bacteria besieging me. The students and kids were enjoying to learn and understand about it. Additionally, in order to keep them in touch with our provided information, we handed the school directors and teachers posters about the all health information, we prepared.

        The second reason was we can learn about the marine environment over there including coral reef, sea grass, mangroves, and organisms. We got to put on our snorkels and swam around the private coral reef. I was feeling special of how amazing Cambodia is because we have a lot of remarkable and interesting environment and animals. Moreover, we also got to dive for the first time. I was feeling nervous because I never dive before in my life since I’m really young, but guess what? I did it, and everybody was in my team did it. The cool and mind blowing experience always absorbed by our brain and body. As a summary, it was great that Song-Sa organization prepared us with a small workshop and provided us this phenomenon opportunity.

        Last, I felt like I just make a positive impact to my beloved country. I felt proud of myself and my team who worked really hard, they were being resilience all of the time. I hope that this exploration will continue again through the future in the hope of making more positive impact to the country. Updating the information, finding more health issues, and raising an awareness of the problems to more students, kids, and adults will help to improve the community. Obviously, there will be no more serious health issues in Cambodia, if people show their awareness.

 

កត្តាគំរាមកំហែងរបស់អណ្តើកសមុទ្រ

សាលាអន្ដរជាតិឡៃហ្គ័រ

ប្រធានបទ​:
ការសន្ទនាអំពីសត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រ
រៀបរៀងដោយ ៖ ក្រឹត ស៊ូយ៉េត
​​​​​ ​​ ថន វ៉េងហួរ
​​ ​​ ហ៊ាង ម៉ារ៉ាឌី
​​​​​ នួន សីុនឿនសំណាង

លោកគ្រូ៖ ណេន សុខា
អ្នកកែសម្រួល ៖ ឡេង ផល្លា

ឧបត្ថម្ភដោយ៖ អង្គការសត្វព្រៃ​ និងរុក្ខជាតិអន្តរជាតិ

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី: ចាស!នាងខ្ញុំម៉ារ៉ាឌី និងមិត្តរួមក្រុមសំណាង សូមជំរាបសួរ​ ដល់ពុកម៉ែបងប្អូនទាំងអស់គ្នា ថ្ងៃនេះ ខ្ញុំមានអត្ថបទថ្មីមួយទៀតហើយ សម្រាប់ប្រិយមិត្តអ្នកស្តាប់ទាំងអស់គ្នា។

សំណាង: អ៊ីចឹង!ឥឡូវនេះយើងជួបជាមួយបងប្រុសវ៉េងហួរ និង​ បងស្រី​ស៊ូយ៉េត។ ជំរាបសួរបងទាំងពីរ!

វ៉េងហួរ​ និង ស៊ូយ៉េត: បាទ/ចាស+​ ជំរាបសួរ!​

វ៉េងហួរ: សូមជំរាបសួរ!​ ពុកម៉ែបងប្អូនទាំងអស់គ្នា។

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី: ចា៎!​ អ៊ីចឹង! តើបងអាចប្រាប់ខ្្ញុំនូវប្រធានបទថ្ងៃនេះបានអត់? ព្រោះប្រិយមិត្តអ្នកស្តាប់យើងកំពុងតែរងចាំស្ដាប់!

ស៊ូយ៉េត: ចា៎បង​!​ ប្រធានបទថ្ងៃនេះគឺទាក់ទងអំពី សត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រ។

សំណាង: ជាកិច្ចចាប់ផ្តើមសំណួរដំបូងទៅកាន់បងវ៉េងហួរគឺ តើសត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រនៅក្នុងពិភពលោក និងនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើងមានប៉ុន្មានប្រភេទដែរ?

វ៉េងហួរ: បាទ! ​នៅលើពិភពលោកយើងនេះគឺមានអណ្តើកសមុទ្រចំនួន ៧​ប្រភេទ ហើយនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើងគឺមានចំនួន ៥ប្រភេទ។

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី: អូ!​ នៅលើពិភពលោកមាន៧ ប្រភេទ ប៉ុន្តែនៅប្រទេសយើងមានដល់ទៅ៥ប្រភេទ! ពិតជាសំណាងណាស់ស្រុកយើង តើវាមានឈ្មោះអ្វីខ្លះទៅ?

ស៊ូយ៉េត: ចាសបង! គឺមានប្រភេទក្រាស់ ល្មិច​ ល្មិចព្រុយបី ល្មិចក្បាលធំ និង ល្មិចប្រផេះ។

សំណាង: អូ៎!​ តើយើងអាចសម្គាល់សត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រយ៉ាងដូចម្តេចដែរ?

ស៊ូយ៉េត: យើងអាចកត់សម្គាល់តាមរយៈស្រកាស្នូករបស់វា។​ ដូចអណ្តើកប្រភេទក្រាស ស្រកាស្នូករបស់វាមានក្រឡាត្រួតលើគ្នា។​ ប្រភេទក្រាស ក្បាលវាមានរាងស្រួចមានមាត់ដូចជាជំពុះសេក ស្រកាក្រឡាសងខាងស្នូកមានចំនួន​៤គូ ស្រកាក្រឡាផ្នែកក្បាលមានចំនួន ២គូ ស្រកានៅចំកណ្តាលស្នូកវាគឺមានចំនួន​៥​ និងដៃវាគឺមានដង្កៀប២។ សម្រាប់ល្មិច ស្រកាសងខាងស្នូករបស់វាគឺមានចំនួន៤គូ ស្រកានៅផ្នែកក្បាលគឺមាន២។ សម្រាប់ផ្នែកដៃរបស់វាគឺមានដង្កៀប១ ស្រកានៅចំកណ្តាលស្នូកគឺមានចំនួន៥ ហើយថ្គាមមានធ្មេញតូចៗដូចជា​​រណារ។

វ៉េងហួរ: រីឯល្មិចក្បាលធំវិញគឺ ស្នូកមានស្រកាក្រឡានៅខាងស្នូកមានចំនួន ៥គូ ស្រកាក្រឡាកណ្តាលស្នូកមានចំនួន ៥ ស្រកានៅផ្នែកខាងក្បាលមាន​ ២គូ។​ រីឯស្នូកផ្នែកបាតមានស្រកាក្រឡា ៣គូ និងផ្នែកដៃមានដង្កៀប​​ ២។​ ល្មិចព្រុយបីវាមិនមានស្នូកដូចប្រភេទអណ្តើកផ្សេងៗទេ ខ្នងរបស់វាមានលក្ខណៈជាស្បែក វាមានពណ៌ប្រផេះក្រម៉ៅ និងផ្នែកខ្មៅមានចំណុចសៗ។​ វាមានឆ្នូតនៅខាងខ្នងចំនួន ៥ ហើយផ្នែកបាតមានពណ៌ស និងមានស្នាមអុជខ្មៅៗ ផ្នែកដៃរបស់វាគឺគ្មានដង្កៀបទេ។​ល្មិចប្រផេះ ស្នូកស្រកាក្រឡានៅខាងស្នូករបស់វាគឺមានចន្លោះពី៥ ទៅ៩គូ ស្រកាក្រឡានៅកណ្តាលស្នូកមានចំនួន ៥ និង ស្រកានៅផ្នែកខាងក្បាលមាន ២គូ។​ សម្រាប់ផ្នែកដៃមានដង្កៀប១ និងស្នូកផ្នែកបាតមានស្រកាក្រឡាចំនួន ៤គូ។

សំណាង: អូ៎…….! បងពូកែចាំមែនទែន!

សំណាង: ទាក់ទងជាមួយចំណីអាហាររបស់វាវិញ! តើវាស៊ីអ្វីជាអាហារដែរ?

ស៊ូយ៉េត: ចាស! អណ្តើកសមុទ្រគឺវាសីុស្មៅសមុទ្រ ពពុះទឹក ស្ពុង ក្តាម ជាដើម ។

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី:​ អ៎!! ឡូយមែនទែន!

វ៉េងហួរ: តែពេលខ្លះវាសីុប្លាស្ទិកព្រោះវាច្រឡំថាជា ពពុះទឹក តែប្លាស្ទិក នឹងធ្វើឲ្យវាស្លាប់បាន​ ។

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី: គួរឲ្យស្រណោះណាស់!

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី: ចាសសំណួរបន្ត…. តើសត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រនៅកម្ពុជាយើងមានប៉ុន្មានក្បាលដែរ?

វ៉េងហួរ: សត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រនៅកម្ពុជាយើង ខ្ញុំមិនដឹងថាវាមានចំនួនប៉ុន្មានទេ ប៉ុន្តែខ្ញុំដឹងថាសត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រនៅកម្ពុជាយើងទាំងប្រាំប្រភេទនោះកំពុងរងគ្រោះថ្នាក់ជួបការគំរាមកំហែង និង ជិតផុតពូជ ។ មូលហេតុដែលសត្វអណ្តើកជិតផុតពូជ​ និង ជួបការគំរាមកំហែង​គឺ ដោយសារតែការនេសាទខុសច្បាប់ ប្រើប្រាស់ឧបករណ៍ឆក់​សន្ទូចរនង មង​ ការអូសអួនខុសច្បាប់ ការនេសាទបានដោយចៃដន្យបោះចោលសំរាមផ្តេសផ្តាស និង ការយក​សាច់មកបរិភោគ ។

សំណាង: គួរឲ្យស្តាយមែនទែន! បើសិនវាជិតផុតពូជអ៊ីចឹង! តើមានស្ថាប័នណាជួយការពារអត់?

វ៉េងហួរ: បាទ!​​ ក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើង រដ្ឋបាលជលផល នៃក្រសួងកសិកម្ម រុក្ខាប្រមាញ់ និងនេសាទបានសហការជាមួយ អង្គការសត្វព្រៃនិងរុក្ខជាតិអន្តរជាតិ ប្រចាំកម្ពុជា ហើយនឹងស្ថាប័នពាក់ព័ន្ធ ដទៃផ្សេងទៀត បាននឹងកំពុងធ្វើការជួយសង្គ្រោះ ព្រមទាំងអភិរក្សសត្វអណ្តើកសមុទ្រនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើង ហើយ មិនមែនតែអណ្តើកសមុទ្រទេ សូម្បីតែសត្វសមុទ្រដទៃទៀតក៏ស្ថិតនៅក្នុងការការពារ និងអភិរក្សផងដែរ។

សំណាង: បាទអរគុណណាស់ថ្ងៃនេះ ខ្ញុំ​ ម៉ារ៉ាឌី​ និងប្រិយមិត្រទាំងអស់បានរៀ​នជាច្រើនទាក់ទងអំពីអណ្តើកសមុទ្រពីបងទាំងពីរនាក់។ ដោយសារពេលវេលាមានកំណត់…

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី:​ ដូច្នេះតើបងមានពាក្យពេចន៍ ចុងក្រោយប្រាប់ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាដែរទេ?

ស៊ូយ៉េត: ចាស!​ ខ្ញុំសូមថ្លែងអំណរគុណដល់ប្រិយមិត្តអ្នកស្តាប់ទាំងអស់គ្នា អរគុណប្អូនប្រុស និង ប្អូនស្រីដែលបានអញ្ជើញបងទាំងពីរនាក់មកចែករំលែកនូវប្រធានបទថ្ងៃនេះ ។​​ ហើយសូមសំណូមពរ ក៏ដូចជា​ ផ្តែផ្តាំដល់បងប្អូនឲ្យចេះស្រឡាញ់ ថែមទាំងជួយអភិរក្សប្រភេទសត្វដែលជិត​ផុតពូជទាំងអស់គ្នាជាពិសេសគឺអណ្តើកសមុទ្ររបស់យើង ។

វ៉េងហួរ: បាទ!​ ខ្ញុំសូមថ្លែងអំណរគុណដល់ប្រិយមិត្តអ្នកស្តាប់ទាំងអស់គ្នា និង​ អរគុណប្អូនប្រុស និងប្អូនស្រីដូចគ្នា​ ហើយ​អរគុណដល់បងប្អូនដែលបានជួយការពារសត្វសមុទ្រនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើង ។

ម៉ារ៉ាឌី:​ ចា៎!​ ជាចុងក្រោយខ្ញុំុសូមអរគុណពុកម៉ែបងប្អូនទាំងអស់អរគុណជាពិសេសចំពោះអង្គការសត្វព្រៃនិងរុក្ខជាតិអន្តរជាតិប្រចាំនៅកម្ពុជាដែលជួយឧបត្ថម្ភដល់សាលាអន្តរជាតិឡៃហ្គ័រ ។ ដូចច្នេះកម្មវិធីរបស់ពួកខ្ញុំក៏ដល់ទីបញ្ចប់ ហើយសូមជូនពរ​ឲ្យបងប្អូនទាំងអស់ជួបតែសេចក្តីសុខ និងធ្វើការបានសម្រេច​គ្រប់ក្រុមគ្រួសារ​ ។ចាសសូមអរគុណ សូមជំរាបលា ។

Problems Involving Ratios

This my product that I did for covering up of what I learned in my math class. This poster is showing us about the ratios are involving into the realistic and unrealistic word problems. Personally, ratios word problems can be easy and hard for me at the same time, according to the requirement of reading comprehension and the understand of math in ratio lessons. I love the ratio problems that are talking about ingredients to make one type of food, as the question that I made in the poster. This poster took me about two days to finish because this poster requires a lot of clear writing, explanation and how it look. For one important thing, is will the other students understand the concept that you are trying to show and explain. You can see and download my poster picture and share it to your students or family members as your study’s resources. Also, there are other posters that my friends did in class and all of their posters and my poster are sticking to the math class’s wall to let other students see it.

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Pygmalion

 

          In 2016, the new literacy class is focusing on writing and reading firmly since all the senior students are approaching high school. Our new literacy facilitator, Claire introduces us to a new learning concept by reading and writing about a play called “Pygmalion” by George Bernard Shaw. My friends and I were happily starting to learn this new lessons. Most of us didn’t know and hadn’t heard what was the play about.

          The play was projecting a lifestyle and self-determination of a flower girl, Eliza, who sold flowers in Covent Garden transform her external identities and internal identities by changing her cockney accent to a normal English accent with Professor Henry Higgins. Eliza is a poor, confident, self-respect and self-defense person during that community. Throughout the learning session, we used a new learning style by enhancing our comprehension called “Readers Notes Section.” It was a document that keeps tracking of what we learned in the play. This helped us to comprehend the play by asking questions about the plots, characters, settings, and the interaction between the characters and the plots.

          In addition, we also made final products that can demonstrate our understanding relevant to the play which we learned about. It almost happened with every classes, there’s always final products that can display as a handbook or poster, a presentation and a skit. It helped everybody learned and teacher to criticize our knowledge towards the lesson concept.

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          My first product of “Pygmalion” play was making a book that explained about the characteristics of the two main characters and their interaction which were Eliza Doolittle and Professor Henry Higgins. This was the product that my friend and I made, also there were other students making their products, such as: games, presentations, and posters. All of these final product was shared to the junior students that helped us to build a closed relationship and share all the knowledge that we had to them.

          The second product was writing an argument essay focusing on the the transformation of Eliza’s identity. It was one of my most challenging moment in literacy class because it was the first time that I started to think concisely about the words which I put in the essay. Furthermore, it wasn’t just an essay that we wrote, it was a form of writing which allowed us to be creative with our thoughts and also to be organized with our works. This is the essay that I wrote and it’ll be nice if you give a personal opinion and comment to me for this essay.

Name: Venghour

Date: November 17th, 2o16

Class: D

          Can identity change a woman further than her appearance? A flower girl, Eliza Doolittle, is the main character in the play “Pygmalion,” written by an author named George Bernard Shaw. Eliza transforms from a flower girl who is selling flowers at Covent Garden to a proper lady by learning in Professor Higgins’s laboratory is the expert of phonics. Although, how Eliza is looking is a huge difference from her original external identity, but it doesn’t mean her internal identity is evolving.   

          In Covent Garden, Eliza is a flower girl that had a lack of education, but she is a girl who is self-defence. Although, throughout the play her costume is changing but her self-defending is still maintained. Eliza has tried to defend herself in Act I with a bystander about talking with a gentleman. She tries to show that, although she’s a lower class and not a wealthy person, she still can talk to anyone she wants. She says, “I ain’t done nothing wrong by speaking to the gentleman. I’ve a right to sell flowers if I keep off the kerb” (Page 11). This quote means that Eliza is talking to a gentleman, but she got distracted by the bystanders to keep her awareness of talking to the high-class man. But she replied in her confidence that she had a right to talk to anyone and sell her flowers there. This clearly shows how she tries to defend with other bystanders for herself. Further than that, she’s a confident girl who does everything to make herself are right and special.

           After, it seems like there are a lot of new updates and improvement from Eliza through her experience learning in Professor Higgins laboratory. Such as: costuming, speaking accent and proper behavior. Yet, she still remains the defending for her self-insurance and self-decision. At the end of the play Eliza wasn’t married to Professor Higgins instead she was married to Freddy, a man shown in the beginning of Act I. The quote states, “Eliza did not want to be the second interest to him, with his research into phonetics being his first love and passion” (Page )From this quote, we can tell that Eliza had a strong thinking of her decision for her life by refusing to marry Professor Higgins. She doesn’t want to be the second interest to Higgins, she wants to be a special person that could be meaningful to her future husband. This demonstrates how she still had a strong self-defending and making her own decision of choosing her personal soulmate to be a part of her life.

          In closing, Eliza is still maintaining her internal identity in the fact of self-defending. Although, her external identity is changing while her internal identity strongly remains. The evidence from the beginning until the end of the Act is strongly agreed and prove the claim from the start. According to the defense of making her own decision to get married to someone and talking to people and selling flowers in Covent Garden. Eliza is still maintaining her self-defending, self-decision and self-insurance from the beginning until the end.

 

Literacy Test “Cambodian Identity”

Name: Venghour Than Date:26/08/3006

Read the following article then write a short response below.

Cambodian Identity
The people of Cambodia generally identify as Khmers, although how this term is understood greatly differs between people and groups. “Khmer” is an identity based upon ethnicity, language, and religion above all else. The ethnic Khmers are generally Buddhist in a country with over 90% of the population identifying as Buddhist. However, today many people struggle to define this identity as Khmer in more detail. The past of Cambodia has been one that many people feel ashamed of as they seek a new path in the future. Due to past of violence, takeovers, and civil wars, many people are attempting to redefine Khmer to exclude politics and magnify culture. But there is no consensus on this direction or even what aspects of the culture should be defined. Oddly, most ethnic minorities in the country actually shift the other direction and identify as Khmers as they know identifying as Khmer will get them more opportunities in the country, even if they are not ethnic Khmers; this is leading to a slow loss of minority languages and cultures in Cambodia. So, generally speaking, most people identify as being “Khmer,” but how this term is defined differs wildly from individual to individual or from group to group.

Your short response paragraph should include:

The central idea clearly stated
Quotes correctly used as evidence
Correct grammar, spelling and punctuation with a FOCUS on correct use of plurals and verb conjugation
Transition words or phrases used when necessary

Venghour:

Cambodians have a struggle of the identities of the term “Khmer” so there are many perspective of people are defining the term in the different ways. Many people are having a conflict on the definition and identities of the term, Khmer because of the changing of the country overtime. The quote states “However, today many people struggle to define this identity as Khmer in more detail.” This clearly shows that Cambodians are truly stuck on the defining and identities of this term. Also, it’s because of the past of the country like civil wars, violence and takeovers. Although many people are having a problem with this term, but there are many people are thinking and concentrating on the definition of the term differently. The quote of the article says “There is no consensus on this direction or even what aspects of the culture should be defined.” This means, there is no an agreement on the definition should be. So, for some people think that Khmer is an identity based on the language, ethnicity and religion. Strangely, for the ethnic minorities think that identity as a Khmer will give them a lot of opportunities. Therefore, Cambodians are having a problem on this complex term and making people think the identities and definition differently.

Excellent work, Venghour!

Central idea – 1 point
Details – 2 points
Grammar – 1 point
Transitions – 1 point

You clearly understand how to identify the main idea and use quotes as supporting details. Your language (grammar and transitions ) is well done here. Good work.

Lakorn Sromol Sbek Thom Performance

On Friday August 26 of 2016, I am one of the members in one expertise called “Podcast.” The liger students are still continuing the podcast of season two and episode five. The episode five of season two will be about “Lakorn Sromol Sbek Thom or Cambodia Shadow Puppet.” This is one of the ancient arts in Asia and there some countries whose are having this kind of art too, such as Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. So, we went to the show that shows about this art in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and I’m so excited and happy for this opportunity to the arts of Cambodia, also it is my first time to see this dancing. After we arrived that place, my friends and I realized that it is a place that Cambodian original song took the film there. We were happy to be there and it is an honor to watch the Cambodian performance. So we enjoyed the rest of the performance. After, we went to interview some of the performers and the director of that place and it is very inspirational.
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Our group planed to invite the director of the place to come to our school, Liger Learning Center, in order to get more information for our podcast expertise. This is one of the successful time for our group, that we determined and be competitive to ourself to make this first episode of the second season is precious.
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The New Discovery For My Passion

           This is one of my most exciting project that I had ever worked with. It is the project that I feel strongly and positively about in the term of changing Cambodia. This project is where my heart’s home; it meets my expectation and passion throughout my whole life. The project is, called the “Study of Artificial Reef In Cambodia.” I have been falling in love and investigating about environment especially in Cambodia. I also had been studying about ecology with different kind of forests and the aquatic life. As a result, the decision that I made to participate in this remarkable opportunity is a nice welcome for my true passion.

          I have been researching and working on this topic for about a year with my lovely partner, Soliday. She also has interest in this specific type of research, and it is the best to gather and share ideas. Due to the definition for an artificial reef, it means a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing. It was the start of our research of trying to understand what is an artificial reef? Furthermore, we did a further research about the artificial reef including the advantages, disadvantages, and the deploys of artificial reefs in other countries. This was the first round work for this research, and we ended writing a short report.

 

Project Name: The Study of Artificial Reef In Cambodia

Your Name: Venghour Than, Soliday Yon

Question:

Is artificial reef gives a positive or negative impact around the world throughout the existing artificial reef?

Background Information:

 

  • General Infomation here

 

Artificial Reef:

  • An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.
  • We can see the growth of local fish, algae and coral reef and it is using for the management of fisheries
  • Also, Artificial reef helps to prevent the erosion, especially coastal erosion.

Advantage and Disadvantage

In our research, we are trying to find many websites that provide us many helpful information as we can, linked to our main question is about the positive and negative effects of the artificial reef. Our team went in one report called “Artificial Coral Reefs as a Method of Coral Reef Fish Conservation.” This report is talking about community studies about the artificial reefs.

Reference: http://scholar.colorado.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1082&context=honr_theses

For your information, we haven’t look details about this report yet due to the limitation of time but we knew that they are doing a case study in Koh Tao that locates in Thailand about the experiment of making artificial reef in Koh Tao.

Hypothesis:

According to the research on the general information on the point where it states

    • Artificial reefs can show a quick increase in local fish population inhabitation, coral reef and algae growth.
    • Some scientist said that artificial reefs don’t actually increase fish population, they simply concentrate fish and make them easier for fisherman to locate and catch.

This shows that there are both side, positive and negatives points. We think that the artificial reef will give a positive impact on the marine environment.

Data Charts:

We haven’t done any experiment or come up with an idea of design about artificial reef yet. But we can show you our data that we’ve been tracking on most of the work time. So this is our data with the lists of an artificial reef that are existing around the world. For some regions that have an artificial reef, there aren’t abundance of information that we want.

1. Location: Japan

Description: The Japanese are the world leaders in artificial reef technology for commercial fishery enhancement and have been creating artificial reefs since the 18thcentury; the materials used are of high quality like concrete, steel, and glass-reinforced plastic.

2. Location: USA

Description: In the USA, the artificial reef programs of many maritime states are run for the benefit of recreational sports fishing, (SCUBA) diving, commercial fishing, waste disposal, and environmental mitigation; the materials used are mostly waste, including concrete, rock, construction rubble, scrap tires, cars, railway carriages, and ships. Only Japan and the USA have a national development plan.

3. Location: Philippine

Description: Reference: http://pubs.iclarm.net/libinfo/Pdf/Pub%20CP6%2049.pdf

  • Malaysia and the Philippines use waste tires to build many of their artificial reefs. The central Visayan Islands of the Philippines have known to use 1600 pyramid bamboo modules.
  • The main purposes of Philippine’ artificial reef workshop are:
    • Consider and evaluate all the negative and positive feature of artificial reef
    • To make an existing artificial reef in Philippine
    • To comment on and suggest alternatives and supplements to the installation of artificial reef
  • These are the artificial reef ecological and socio-economic features:
    • Habitat for fishes or other organisms
    • Feeding, breeding and nursery area
    • Reference point
    • Discouraging to trawling
    • Eco-tourism or other recreating purposes
    • Waste disposal
    • Mariculture
    • Fishing ground
    • Sanctuary
    • Substitute for destroyed coral reefs
    • Entry point for coastal management initiatives
    • Focus for propaganda purposes of vested interest groups
    • Replenishment area
    • Provide a known and easily located fishing area
      • These are all the benefit that get from artificial reef but there is a main negative part is people aren’t take care of artificial reef, they just leave it on the seabed.

4. Location: Australia

Description: Australian reefs have been built from materials of opportunity such as tires and redundant ships; these reefs are used primarily as a focus for recreational angling, and SCUBA diving.

5. Location: Taiwan

Description: In Taiwan many fishing vessels (made obsolete by government policy to reduce the size of the fishing fleet) were sunk to provide new habitats.

6. Location: Europe

Description: In Europe artificial reefs were pioneered along the Mediterranean coast in the late 1960s. At present, most reefs are still associated with scientific research. Italy, France, and Spain have been the most active reef-building countries since 1970. Spain is placing more artificial reefs into its coastal waters than other EU country. In 1991, Italian artificial reef scientists for the 1st time formed an inter-European reef group to encourage liaison between research groups and other association of the Mediterranean. Current initiatives include a network of European artificial-reef research to establish a coordinated direction for artificial reefs within the EU.

Results:

According to our research on many countries they’ve been studying and doing researching on an artificial reef, we have come up with results.

Country Result
Japan Success and still working on it.
USA Success (Not sure if they still working on it, recently)
Philippine No information, need more detail.
Taiwan No Information
Australia Success
Europe Their first reef has been success.

We can see that there are two countries that didn’t detail their results in the end. The other four were success but some are not proven that they’re still working on it or they stop already.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, according to our research through this investigation, we fully agree that the artificial reef is a very beneficial, creative project and place to rebuild the ecosystem. We can see the beautiful organisms are starting to adapt to the artificial reef throughout the artificial reefs that are locating in other countries. Also, we know that we can build our own artificial reef out of the material that we can find around of our environment, like bricks.  

Next Investigation:

After getting all these information, we are feeling confident to start to sketch our own artificial reef but we don’t know will it works yet. Also, we will start to look and research deeper of the condition of the sea or the location that we want to project our artificial reef. Paul said if can success this project maybe we can deploy our artificial reef in Koh Seh. Furthermore, we want to do a research on the coral reef fishes, in order to let us know what type species of fish we want to have in our artificial reef in the target.

All our References: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yuvmX2nRJ6xHqOhXef-9gi_u30dQrGD0Qoc8DqK5QOU/edit

 

ISPP MUN 2016 – My First Step Into Real World

          Clicking through my email, there was an email got my attention. It was dispatched from Jan, the literacy facilitator. I was sitting in the classroom with my best friend at night. Obviously, it was the most comfortable place to study for us. I nudged my friend, asking her, was she going to participate. I was planned to participate in Junior General Assembly 2, since it would be my first time. There were many committees in the whole MUN conference; the scariest one is the Security Council. I was really exciting to see what were the topics, and the students from my school who were interesting in my favorite committees. Three topics were encompassed my committee. Link to access: http://isppmun.tumblr.com/

         You had only one month and a half for preparing all your country’s information, and I’d been trying so hard to make all my research done. I was the delegate of Myanmar representing the country in Southeast Asia in my whole committee. There were other Asian countries, Middle East countries, and other countries from other continents. I was pressured because one of the topics were giving a hard time to my country’s position which was the question of “deforestation in Southeast Asia.” Anyway, I got help from other countries including China and European countries as a co-submitter and main submitter in the resolution. I had a lot of fun times and stressing moments working with my other friends during the lobbying time. I mean, it was a great opportunity to meet, make, and communicate with new friends.

          Out of the whole conference, I liked to work with the delegate of China; he was so friendly, and the start of the conference, we started to communicate with each other immediately. We’d been so friendly and supportive to each other since it was our first times being participants. During the debate, we yielded the floor between each of us; we asked tough questions; we talked through notes. The presidents were also friendly and simultaneously humorous because they were trying to create fun as much as possible. After each debate, we took a break; some people talked to the presidents and each other. As an overall, the whole conference was looking so much alive.

         Personally, if I didn’t participate this specific type of event, I couldn’t believe myself to get to know much world’s problems and information like this. I felt proud of myself for taking this risk in order to let me push through my limit. I couldn’t imagine that I could voice myself to raising an awareness and solutions in each problems. I knew that I had to continue my journey with this type of passion because it’s a good trade with my brain whose inept with the world updates. Thanks to ISPP for hosting this conference, and thanks to all the people who were being friendly even though this conference was serious throughout the whole time.

Liger Digital Currency

           Liger Digital Currency also known as LDC is my first exploration in this fifth year at Liger. I was feeling so animated because it was the first exploration that I got a chance to participate in technology and learned with other, professional coders which were my friends. There were 10 students including me in this exploration and we knew that this exploration would be so special for us. Therefore, we were ready to work through any tasks and discuss about any problems with everyone of us which we could find a suitable solutions.

          Liger Digital Currency is an exploration that intentionally to create a digital system of exchanging our originated digital currency, “Pedro.” This digital currency will be used by Liger Senior Cohort and it will be used with the two main functions which are exchanging and transferring. Every student will receive their personal account and an apartment account. The students will use this system for paying their expenses including catering, maintenance, electricity, water, and other types of payments which are relating to transferring. For exchanging, it will function as the students exchange the money from Pedros to dollars or Riels.

          For the first of this significant project, our learning facilitator, Alli, started the class by dividing all of us into small groups and letting all of us to research the history of currency or money. We did research the history of Cambodian currency which was Prak until Riel, the official currency we use in our daily lives. After we were doing a research about a standout digital currency which is Bitcoin. As we know, Bitcoin is the first decentralized currency that everyone can participate with and it is a digital coin which we can send through internet. In addition, this digital currency system works by a free software called “Bitcoin Miner,” and all the Bitcoins store as in the digital wallet permanently and anonymously in the internet, but i can verified by miner which also mean a user or the owner.

           There is a lot of differences between Bitcoin and a normal physical currency. The one difference is that there is a limitation of money you store in Bitcoin, where the paper currency, there’s no limitation. There is this unique function in Bitcoin, and it is transaction. Transaction is a place in the digital currency system where you can check all the history of your payments. It’s really helpful that the system allows user to see their past payments for the benefits of the use. It helps them to manage their budgets mainly. Another difference is that Bitcoin also allowing every user to access their virtual banking without the government controlled. One last cool difference between Bitcoin and paper currency is the Bitcoin can be divisible up to 0.00000007 where our money only can be divisible up to 0.01 which is a penny.

          It may seem Bitcoin is a really full-functioning digital currency, but there’s always disadvantages. The first point is that Bitcoin is still developing. It’s really a full-functioning system, but sometimes, there’s might be mistakes reveal in the software which we can called “bugs.” Also, it is really difficult to do your payment where sometimes, it wasn’t able to do your payment. Another point is Bitcoin is totally a new system that got introduce to everyone. There’s might be a lot of people who don’t know how this system functions or circulates digitally. In other perspectives, there’s possibility of the user’s wallet lost without any reasons and there is nothing that can done to recover it.

          Back to our exploration, after getting to learn about those background knowledge of currency, we were starting to discuss and brainstorm all the functions that we can include our original digital currency. We came up to include the exchanging and the transferring functions. After awhile, we decided to implement the transaction system in our digital currency which is remarkable to allow students in our school to access their past payment in individual and apartment. I started to design the interface of the system including the logos for each function, the currency, and every pages of the system. There will be a login/signup page, homepage, exchanging function page, transferring function page and transaction log page. Here are some of the improved designs.

Further than, we weren’t just designing and discussing about the layout and all the functions that should be listed, we were also communicate to each other in depth about each detail of the systems in each function. For example, exchanging function, we set a plan of how the students going to exchanging the money, the schedule of exchanging, and the acceptable reasons of students should exchange the money. Of course that the systems will update throughout new discussion in team over the period of times. Here is the current instructions and rules of exchanging system:

Currency Exchanging System

The process of exchanging

Exchanging from paper notes to Pedros or Kips

    • Students go to meet the admin with paper notes
    • They will give the money to the admin
    • The admin then takes the money and retain in a secured place (ex:vault)
    • After retaining the money, the admin will transfer Pedros/Kips to the student’s account; could be apartment account or their personal account using the transferring system.

Exchanging from Pedros or Kips to paper notes

    • Students go to meet the admin with their Account ID and their computer
    • The admin will ask for the purpose of exchanging and the amount of money he/she wants to exchange
    • The students will then transfer their money online (Pedros/Kips) to the admin account
    • After receiving the money from the student’s account, the admin will give the actual paper notes to the students

Rules of Exchanging: General Rules

  • Weekdays only
  • Exchanging must have purpose
  • Can’t exchange more than $25 per person per week
  • Exchanging must be approved by someone (by adult)
  • On Friday can’t exchange more than $10
  • Limit amount of exchange per day
  • Each student can only exchange once per week
  • In the weekday they can exchange from 4:00pm until 4:45pm

        All of these ideas that the team transformed into a viewable product, had been shared to audience beside the Liger community. We presented through the Sharation and at Impact Hub, Phnom Penh. In addition, we presented this product of our school founder, Trevor who started the idea of digital currency for Liger. He was extremely proud of us and thanking us for working on this task. The team was really happy to receive the positive reaction and feedback from him. Last, this project of developing the digital currency is still continuing throughout the year of Liger.